Question: How Do You Handle Classified Information?

What is information classification process?

Information classification is a process in which organisations assess the data that they hold and the level of protection it should be given.

Organisations usually classify information in terms of confidentiality – i.e.

who is granted access to see it.

Public information (everyone has access).

What is the primary purpose of information classification?

Information classification is the process of assigning value to information in order to organize it according to its risk to loss or harm from disclosure.

What is Top Secret Umbra?

Top Secret Codeword. UMBRA was one of three codewords that were used to protect sensitive intercepts of Communication Intelligence (COMINT). These codewords represented three levels of sensitivity: – UMBRA for the most sensitive material (Category III) – SPOKE for less sensitive material (Category II)

What is needed for classified information?

Classified information is material that a government body deems to be sensitive information that must be protected. … A formal security clearance is required to view or handle classified documents or to access classified data. The clearance process requires a satisfactory background investigation.

What are the 5 levels of security clearance?

These are confidential, secret, top secret and sensitive compartmented information. This type of security clearance provides access to information that may cause damage to national security if disclosed without authorization. It must be reinvestigated every 15 years.

What happens if you leak classified information?

Information is classified Secret when its unauthorized disclosure would cause “serious damage” to national security. Most information that is classified is held at the secret sensitivity.

What are four classifications of information?

Classification of informationConfidential (top confidentiality level)Restricted (medium confidentiality level)Internal use (lowest level of confidentiality)Public (everyone can see the information)

What is Cosmic Top Secret?

COSMIC TOP SECRET (CTS) – This security classification is applied to information the unauthorized disclosure of which would cause exceptionally grave damage to NATO. (NOTE: The marking “COSMIC” is applied to TOP SECRET material to signify that it is the property of NATO. The term “NATO TOP SECRET” is not used.)

How long is information classified?

The originating agency assigns a declassification date, by default 10 years. After 25 years, declassification review is automatic with nine narrow exceptions that allow information to remain as classified. At 50 years, there are two exceptions, and classifications beyond 75 years require special permission.

Is it illegal to release classified information?

“Any sources and methods of intelligence will remain guarded in secret. … Whether we agree that keeping select information “secret,” is really best for the American people or not, the truth is that unauthorized disclosure of classified information in the United States is a crime under the Espionage Act of 1917.

Who decides if information is classified?

Who decides? Executive Order 13256 spells out who specifically may classify information. Authority to take certain pieces of information, say the existence of a weapons program, and classify it top secret is given only to specific individuals.

What are the 7 classification levels?

The major levels of classification are: Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.

What is a confidential document?

Confidential Documents means documents, disks, memory, notebooks, tapes or any other medium, whether or not eye-readable, on which Confidential Information may from time to time be referred to, written, held or recorded.

What are the 3 levels of classified information?

The U.S. classification of information system has three classification levels — Top Secret, Secret, and Confidential — which are defined in EO 12356.

What are the classes of information?

Description for different types of Information as follows: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Information: Most information is generally divided into three main categories: Primary ,Secondary and Tertiary.

What is highly confidential data?

Highly Confidential Information: This category includes data elements that require protection under laws, regulations, contracts, relevant legal agreements and/or require the institution to provide notification of unauthorized disclosure/security incidents to affected individuals, government agencies or media.

Why is information classification important?

A proper data classification allows your organization to apply appropriate controls based on that predetermined category data. … Classifying your data can save you time and money because you are able to focus on what’s important, and not waste your time putting unnecessary controls in place.

Why do we need to classify information?

The Importance of Data Classification. To put it simply, in order to protect your sensitive data, you need to know exactly what data you are trying to protect. Data classification allows you to categorise information based on how sensitive certain data items are by injecting metadata into documents, emails, etc.

What is higher than top secret?

Information “above Top Secret” is either Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or special access program (SAP) which are phrases used by media. It is not truly “above” Top Secret, since there is no clearance higher than Top Secret. … The SCI designation is an add-on, not a special clearance level.

What are the different types of confidential information?

The types of information that is considered confidential can include:name, date of birth, age, sex and address.current contact details of family, guardian etc.bank details.medical history or records.personal care issues.service records and file progress notes.individual personal plans.assessments or reports.More items…